A Serum is a nutritional supplement for your water-based skin, has higher concentrations of active ingredients such as vitamins and antioxidants, usually contains no fat, mineral or natural oils, or petrolatum. There are Serums that will help you to make your skin look brighter, others will give you firmness or help you to reduce wrinkles.
Serums vs Creams
The creams and serums are complementary. Mixing the treatments of moisturizers with anti-wrinkle serums is the best option, since different formulations are applied that are potentiated when crossing the benefits.
The fundamental reason why there are serums is that they have active ingredients and nutrients capable of reaching deeper layers of the skin, while a cream penetrates more superficially because the molecules are more dense.
At what age is it advisable to use a serum?
Before it was believed that serums were products made for people over 35 years old, however, today it is recommended to start using it from the age of 25 to prevent the appearance of the first signs of aging.
What ingredients should contain an ideal serum:
That will depend on the condition of your skin and what you want to improve. Below are certain conditions of the skin and the appropriate components for its treatment.
Skin aging: Retinol or alpha-hydroxy acid, hyaluronic acid to hydrate and a surfactant such as silicones (dimethicone).
Acne: Retinol or alpha-hydroxy acid and natural substances, such as green tea or seaweed, which has anti-inflammatory properties. This serum is applied as a complementary product to patients with acne who have irritated skin.
Nutrition: Vitamins and antioxidants, such as B complex, vitamin C, grape seed extract (proanthocyanidins) and tomato extract (lycopene).
Revitalizing: Extract of ginseng and ginkgo biloba.
Stains: Kojic acid with arbutin.
Dark circles: Vitamin K and anti-inflammatories, such as green tea and cucumber extract, as well as caffeine.
Hydration: Hyaluronic acid. In general, all are usually moisturizing for the amount of water they use, but this substance is what keeps the water.
Main functions of facial serum
Moisturizing serums contain high concentrations of hyaluronic acid, a substance that is normally produced by our skin. Together with another group of proteins and polysaccharides, it will generate a layer on the surface that prevents the skin from dehydrating and helps the water absorbed remain in the dermis or epidermis, preventing it from evaporating. It is estimated that each molecule of hyaluronic acid will retain around fifty molecules of water, giving the skin the necessary turgor and hydration.
There are some substances within the serums that generate tension in the skin for a few hours, to generate a botox effect, but the moment you wash your face, this effect vanishes. In parallel, the serums contain other substances that stimulate the regeneration of collagen and elastin, in addition to exfoliate the layer of the skin that is damaged or dead, allowing healthy skin to shine, giving more lucidity to the face.
Application of facial serum
- Clean your face during the bath with a dermolimpiador appropriate for you.
- You can apply a tonic to give the skin turgor, but there are serums that already contain that function.
- Use the ideal serum for your needs. The form of application is important; It is put in small quantities (because it is found in high concentrations). You should not massage, simply with the tips of your fingers tapping the entire face until it has finished absorbing. The residue that remains in the buds, if you are not using a special serum for eyelid, you can apply it in both.
- Apply a moisturizer.
- Then use the sunscreen with a factor of 30 FPS up.
- Make yourself
Night: The same routine without the protector.
- Apply the dermolimpiador.
- Use the serum.
- After some cream (usually to depigment, since they are photosensitive).